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GOSIF - Global, OCO-2 based SIF product


(Update on September 10, 2023: NCAR Climate Data Guide publishes an Expert Developer Guide on our GOSIF product.)

(Update on May 14, 2023: We corrected a mistake in generating the data for 2022 that were released in early April 2023. If you previously downloaded the 2022 data, please replace them with the new files.)

(Update on April 2, 2023: GOSIF has been extended to December 2022.)

(Update on April 29, 2022: GOSIF has been extended to December 2021.)

(Update on March 15, 2021: GOSIF has been extended to December 2020.)

(Release of v2 on 12/1/2019: The new version (V2) has been updated from the original version in the following ways: (1) the dataset has been extended to 2018; (2) GOSIF has been slightly improved using five subcommittee models rather than three subcommittee models; (3) a new data type (signed short rather than double) and a scale factor were used to reduce data volume.) 

Solar-induced chlorophyll fluorescence (SIF) brings major advancements in measuring terrestrial photosynthesis. Many studies showed strong relationships between coarse-resolution SIF data (e.g., GOME-2, GOSAT) and gridded GPP (gross primary productivity) data. More recently, several studies have evaluated the potential of SIF retrievals from the Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2) in estimating GPP using discrete SIF soundings from OCO-2 and GPP data from eddy covariance (EC) flux towers. However, the spatially and temporally sparse nature of OCO-2 data makes it challenging to use these data for many applications from the ecosystem scale to the globe.

We developed a global ‘OCO-2’ SIF data set (GOSIF) with high spatial and temporal resolutions (i.e., 0.05°, 8-day) over the period 2000-2020 based on discrete OCO-2 SIF soundings, remote sensing data from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS), (MODIS), and meteorological reanalysis data using a data-driven approach. The GOSIF product has reasonable seasonal cycles, and captures the similar seasonality as both the coarse-resolution OCO-2 SIF (1°) directly aggregated from the discrete OCO-2 soundings and tower based GPP. Our SIF estimates are highly correlated with GPP from 91 FLUXNET sites (R2 = 0.73, p < 0.001). They capture the expected spatial and temporal patterns in SIF and also has a remarkable ability to highlight the crop areas with the highest daily productivity across the globe. Our product also allows us to examine the long-term trends in SIF globally. Compared with the coarse-resolution SIF that was directly aggregated from OCO-2 soundings, GOSIF has finer spatial resolution, globally continuous coverage, and a much longer record.



Li, X., Xiao, J. (2019) A global, 0.05-degree product of solar-induced chlorophyll fluorescence derived from OCO-2, MODIS, and reanalysis data. Remote Sensing, 11, 517; doi:10.3390/rs11050517. [PDF]


Spatial resolution: 0.05 degree

Spatial extent: globe

Temporal resolution: 8 day (and monthly)

Temporal extent: 2000 -2022

Fair Data Use Policy:

We make this data product available to the research community as we believe that the dissemination of this data set will lead to advancement in science. If you plan to use our data in a manuscript or presentation, we request that you inform us at an early stage of your work. If this data set is essential to your work, or if an important result or finding depends on the GOSIF data, co-authorship may be appropriate. You must inform us of your analysis and publication plans well in advance of submission of a paper, give us an opportunity to read and intellectually contribute to the manuscript, and, if appropriate, offer co-authorship.

Contact: Drs. Jingfeng Xiao ( and Xing Li (

Download GOSIF:

Please read the fair data use policy above before you download the data. The GOSIF data set (v2) is available at the Global Ecology Data Repository (Download GOSIF).